Dr. Yalom will discuss the definition of existential psychotherapy, its sources, basic tenets and applications in clinical work. Major focus will be on the ultimate concerns of death, meaninglessness, freedom and isolation. Dr. Yalom will discuss his approach to teaching about this field through a literary conveyance.
EP00 Invited Address 11b - Therapy of "As If" - Paul Watzlawick, Ph.D.
Certain aspects of language can be especially useful for the purpose of bringing about behavioral changes. The nature of these changes is best known, but by no means limited to, its hypnotherapeutic application. They are, for instance, "corrective emotional experiences," as defined by Franz Alexander. Long before Alexander, the philosopher Hans Vaihinger, in his famous work, "The Philosophy of As If" (1911 ), had investigated in great detail the fact to behave "as if something were the case, could bring about almost immediate changes in given contexts.
In this paper, Dr. Masterson gives an understanding of the intrapsychic structure of Narcissistic Personality Disorder and how it finds clinical expression through the disorders of the self triad. Clinical cases are presented to illustrate how the therapeutic intervention of mirroring interpretation of narcissistic vulnerability helps the patient to convert transference acting-out to therapeutic alliance and transference, thereby creating the condition for psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
This address is a review of the significant theoretical and practical changes in the practice of psychoanalytically-oriented psychotherapy in the experience of the author's personal practice over the past 62 years.
During the past several years, we have developed strategies for inducing people to persuade themselves to change dysfunctional attitudes and behavior. Compared with more traditional, direct techniques of persuasion like advertising, self-persuasion produces more powerful, more permanent effects. Specific reference will be made to our research on reducing racial prejudice in schools and risky sexual behavior in young adults.