At last count, over 400 separate models of psychotherapy have been found to exist (Garfield & Bergin, 1994). Despite the claims and promises made by the proponents of the various treatment models, 40 years of increasingly sophisticated outcome research has not found any one model or technique superior for the resolution of the problems that clients bring into treatment, Indeed, most of the research has only confirmed "common sense" (Frank 1993). In this workshop, forty years of outcome research will be translated into practical, common sense and empirically supported therapeutic skills that you can use for the efficient and effective resolution of the problems that clients bring to treatment.
This address is a review of the significant theoretical and practical changes in the practice of psychoanalytically-oriented psychotherapy in the experience of the author's personal practice over the past 62 years.
After a brief description of Family Therapy in the 1960s and an equally brief description of where it is today, we will make a comparison of the success of family therapy in Europe and the shrinkage in the U.S. A new model of family assessment in four easy steps will be described.
Historically, psychotherapists have worked with individuals, small groups, large groups and organizations. We have moved from treating pathology to facilitating personal growth to expanding public consciousness. A next step is the life-long guidance of congregations of people. With religion as a precedent, and large group formation as an instrument, Dr. Polster will show how we may address the everyday, non-pathological needs of the community at large, spelling out some of these procedures and their theoretical underpinnings.
This talk first briefly reviews the history of the Developmental, Self and Object Relations theoretical approach to the personality disorders as a preface to exploring the latest additions to the theory, i.e., Attachment Theory and Neurobiological Development of the Self in the Right Brain. Attachment Theory: The work of Ainsworth and others is described leading to the attachment categories in the infant and the adult. Many follow-up studies are presented validating the persistence of the categories over time. Neurobiologic Development of the Self in the Right Brain: The work of Alan Schore, Ph.D. is used to describe the development of the self in the right prefrontal cortex of the brain. Integration: The integration of the two theories with the object relations approach are described and illustrated through therapeutic alliance
Psychotherapy practice, as we know it today, was born in World War II. Dr. Cummings was there, working with paratroopers in combat, and he has been a psychotherapist and mental health activist in the 60 years since. He wrote the first prepaid psychotherapy insurance benefit in the late 1950s and demonstrated that psychotherapy should be part of all health insurance. He has been in the forefront as an active participant in psychotherapy's achievements, setbacks and hopes for the future. This address will highlight the 60 years of psychotherapy's evolution through the life of one of its leaders.
Topical Panel 01 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 2005 - The History of Psychotherapy
Featuring Albert Bandura, PhD; Nicholas Cummings, PhD; Albert Ellis, PhD; and Thomas Szasz, MD
Moderated by Michael Munion, MA
Dr. Szasz will compare and contrast the psychiatric and social scene in the late 1950's when he wrote The Myth of Menta/Illness, with the present psychiatric and social scenes. He will speculate about the impact of that book on psychiatric and psychotherapeutic thought and practice. Active audience participation is encouraged.