Panel 14 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1995 - Role of the Therapist / Role of the Client
Featuring William Glasser, M.D.; Lynn Hoffman, A.C.S.W.; Ernest Rossi, Ph.D.; and Joseph Wolpe, M.D.
Moderated by Betty Alice Erickson, MS.
In the early decades of the 20th century Freud's mastery of the craft of presenting a case enthroned a belief that anxiety disorders were caused by repressed emotional complexes and that recovery required the restitution of repressed ideas. This belief dominated psychotherapeutic practice, and even though little was to be seen in the way of success, any alternative was treated with scorn. Mid-century studies of experimental neuroses showed that these disturbances were the consequence of the learning of maladaptive anxiety and could be overcome by systematic counteraction by other emotions.
Seminal laboratory experiments show how habits are unlearned. Behavioral analysis: Accurately identify fear eliciting stimulus patterns. Description of major techniques with case examples, e.g., systematic desensitization, flooding, assertiveness training. Practica involving attendees showing treatment of specific anxiety constellations will reveal how the therapist adjusts to the individual.
Accepted thinking about non-polar, non-psychotic depression has been impaired by ignoring crucial research. This shows that some cases are masked endogenous depression; others are anxiety-based in several ways. Therefore, each case must be investigated to decide appropriate treatment and thus surpass the mediocre results typified in the "Collaborative Study."