Joseph Wolpe (1985) begins with Santiago who has a history of experiencing strong feelings of anxiety and discomfort during social situations. Questioning reveals that these problems are most intense when he is in situations in which he experiences a loss of control. Wolpe uses imagery and desensitization to diminish feelings of anxiety.
Carl Rogers (1985) demonstrates with Ann, who describes herself as suffering guilt and sadness after having put off becoming a mother to pursue her career. After deciding to have children, she miscarried twins and has since been unable to become pregnant. Rogers helps her access her own potential to experience herself more positively.