The major emphasis in contemporary psychoanalytic psychotherapy is on the early and consistent interpretation of the transference. A growing attention to countertransference analysis, to the risk of "indoctrinating" patients, to character analysis, to the analysis of unconscious meanings in the "here and now" also are dominant trends. Significant controversies continue regarding the importance of the "real" relationship, the therapeutic versus the resistant aspects of regression, the role of empathy, and the relation of historical to narrative truth. A growing interest in short dynamic psychotherapy has sharpened the focus on the indications and contraindications for supportive in contrast to exploratory or expressive modalities of treatment.
Methods for training therapists customarily are directed to developing cognitive abilities. Using Milton Erickson as a model, an alternate, experiential approach is offered. The "evoking style" of the therapist determines the outcome of the treatment more than the theoretical and clinical methods to which the therapist ascribes.
Panel 05 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1995 - Transference / Countertransference
Featuring Otto Kernberg, M.D.; James Masterson, M.D.; Salvador Minuchin, M.D.; and Irvin Yalom, M.D.
Moderated by Ellyn Bader, PhD.
Panel 15 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1995 - Resistance
Featuring James F.T. Bugental, Ph.D.; Albert Ellis, Ph.D.; Otto Kernberg, M.D.; and Erving Polster, Ph.D.
Moderated by Camillo Loriedo, MD
This workshop summarizes the strategy and tactics of psychodynamic psychotherapy with these patients. The role of interpretation, transference analysis, technical neutrality and countertransferenece will be emphasized. Specific technical approaches will be summarized, particularly contract setting, management of suicidal threats, paranoid regression and dishonesty in patients' communication. Finally, supportive psychotherapy with those patients who cannot be treated with an exploratory approach will be outlined.