Epicurus, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche are forefathers of contemporary psychotherapy. Freud was aware of these wellsprings of modern therapy, and Jung brings them specifically into his writing and his methods. We not only get hints from these forefathers, but we also find a lasting base in them, such as Bubar's "l-thou" construct or Kierkegaard's emphasis on the ultimate relationship of the self to life. These ideas are assumed in Freud, Jung, Adler, Rank, Fromm and other leading therapists in our day. It is these latter therapists who have given us the web of ideas which underlie contemporary psychotherapy.
Human experience and human action center in and derive from human subjectivity. Our preoccupation with objectivity results displaces identity from inner living to external. Life-changing psychotherapy requires centered awareness and self-direction. Three therapeutic elements are prime: Full presence, major commitment, and exploring client's self-and-world constructs.
The importance of therapeutic alliance is described. Therapeutic alliance, transference, and transference acting-out are defined and distinguished from each other and the therapeutic task of helping the patient to convert transference acting-out to therapeutic alliance and transference is outlined. The differences in the form and content of the intrapsychic structure are described to show why different therapeutic techniques are necessary to establish the therapeutic alliance: Confrontation with the borderline and mirroring interpretation of narcissistic vulnerability with the Narcissistic Personality Disorder. A brief case illustrates each.
The emphasis in Dynamic Psychotherapy over the past few decades has shifted from a focus on insight and the recovery of early memories to a recognition that the quality of the patient-therapist relationship is the quintessential factor upon which the success of therapy depends. This involves both the real relationship and transference-countertransference elements, all within a systems-theory orientation.
The enormous changes brought about in the last 25 years by the women's movement and the sex role revolution have opened new possibilities and problems-sources of conflict and new strengths for women, men and families. There is a challenge now for psychotherapists to break through their own remnant stereotypes of feminine mystique, masculine mystique, and obsolete assumptions about family so that they may distinguish between personal and political pathology and help evolving women, men and families find and use more consciously their new strengths and confront real problems realistically.
Workshop 31 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Family Therapy, featuring Salvador Minuchin, MD.
This workshop will discuss the technique and theory of Family Therapy. Videotaped examples will be presented and discussed.
Ericksonian approaches use both direct and indirect techniques and tailor methods to the unique characteristics of individual patients. Diagnostic categories can be used to individualize treatment. These tailored techniques are ways of "gift wrapping" ideas so that patients can best actuate effective changes. The concept of "Utilization'' and methods of processing interventions will be discussed. In Ericksonian treatment, dynamic experiences precede dynamic understanding.
This workshop will focus on physical (muscular) tension in the body and relate it to emotional conflicts in the present, derived from early childhood experiences. Specific attention will be paid to temporomandibular tension and to disturbances in breathing. Asthma will be examined as an emotional problem. The dynamics of headaches will be studied, and techniques for releasing underlying tension will be demonstrated.
A therapy group will be formed from Conference participants, in order to demonstrate what can be accomplished in a single group session. Emphasis will be on establishing therapeutic contracts for change and using the past to effect this change. Discussion and whole-group experiences will follow the therapy demonstration.
The focus will be on the cognitive-behavioral treatment of affective disorders (anxiety, depression, and anger). Such procedures as cognitive restructuring, problem-solving, and stress inoculation training will be examined.
A multigenerational approach using co-therapy can enhance the effectiveness of family therapy. Cross-generational feedback avoids imprisonment in traditional transference. Family stress episodes can be seen as a multiprojectional process.
This workshop will present a brief therapy approach, based on the interaction between those involved in the problem, and on the interventions aimed at changing this problematic interaction by motivating the client(s) to behave "as if" the situation were different from the way it is perceived.
This workshop will present cognitive, experiential, and behavioral techniques for helping men and women to realize more of their human potential. There will be special emphasis on personal and work-related male/female relationships and on how to deal with negative reactions to "out of role'' behavior, such as women's assertiveness and men's expressions of intimacy. Live demonstrations will be offered.
Two cases in which dream work played important roles will be presented and illustrated with videotaped sessions. The first is a case of a young single man with premature ejaculation, wherein the active, psychodynamic use of dream work "broke through'' the patient's intense resistance. The other is that of a married man with primary retarded ejaculations in which dreams were used to guide the behavioral aspects of therapy.
Control theory, which is a new theory of how all living organisms function, will be explained. Discussion will show how this theory supports Reality Therapy and how Reality Therapy is enhanced by the knowledge of this theory.
Therapists learning depth psychotherapy (extending several years) make a greater personal commitment than in other forms of therapy. Supervision of this work requires attention to the therapist's subjective experience as well as to procedures and conceptual perspectives. This workshop will include direct teaching, unrehearsed demonstration with an actual supervisee, and candid feedback from supervisee and supervisor.
This address includes a brief history of Reality Therapy, and explains that it is based on control theory and that it is applied to both counseling and managing clients. Case examples are used to show that it is composed of two major components: Creating the counseling environment and the procedures that lead to change.
Topical Panel 10 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Therapeutic Uses of Humor
Featuring Arnold Lazarus, PhD; Miriam Polster, PhD; Carl Whitaker, MD; Cloe Madanes, Lic Psychol.
Moderated by Michael Yapko, PhD.
Topical Panel 11 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Transference / Countertransference
Featuring Alexander Lowen, MD; James Masterson, MD; Rollo May, PhD; and Erving Polster, PhD.
Moderated by Ruth McClendon, MSW.
Topical Panel 12 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Therapy and Social Control
Featuring Mary Goulding, MSW; Jay Haley, MA; Salvador Minuchin, MD; and Thomas Szasz, MD.
Moderated by Stephen Gilligan, PhD.
Dialgoue 10 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Trialogue: The Contributions of Milton H Erickson, featuring Jay Haley, MA, Ernest Rossi, PhD, and Jeffrey Zeig, PhD.
Moderated by Camillo Loriedo, MD.
The evaluation is the single most important clinical task of therapists who work with sexual problems. That is because accurate assessment is the key to successful treatment, and many unnecessary therapy failures can be traced to inadequate evaluation procedures and to the failure of the therapist to elicit pertinent information. Traditional psychological and psychiatric examinations, which emphasize the childhood roots of sexual problems are not adequate for evaluating sexual disorders. Dr. Kaplan will demonstrate her method of evaluation, which focuses on the patient's or couple's current sexual behavior and experience. This, together with historic information, provides the information required for understanding the dynamics of the dysfunction and for formulating a rational treatment plan.
Dr. Szasz will present a brief historical review of drug controls in the United States; a critical analysis of the transformation of the trade in drugs from a free market at the beginning of the century to a tightly statist system of controls today; and a market-oriented analysis of the "drug problem."
Psyche has been located wholly intrapersonally (within the individual} or interpersonally (between persons, families, groups}, but never is it conceived also extra-personally as a component of the world, as a world soul or anima mundi in the classical sense.
The concept of the Self has come to imply a consistent cluster of characteristics which are often given fixed and universal attributes, such as the narcissistic self, topdog and underdog, false and true self, etc. This paper will expand the concept to include the versatility and unique aliveness of the individual's many selves and show how these selves help people make sense of their lives. Special attention will be given to broadening the concepts of introjections, transference, and gestalt formation, showing how these may be instrumental in harmonizing alienated selves.
Our present ideals of heroism are dominated by unrealistic and larger-than-life stereotypes. Not only has this narrow view eliminated much of the heroism of women, it has also provided men with simplistic solutions that are not only outmoded, but intimidating. Ultimately, it has deprived both sexes of a wide range of heroic examples and choices that could enrich their lives and the lives of those around them. This paper proposes a redefinition of heroism that expands traditional images and suggests that recognizing the unhackneyed heroism that occurs in ordinary circumstances may also enrich therapeutic possibilities.
Dialogue 06 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - The Politics of Psychotherapy: Negative Effects and Intended Outcomes, featuring James Hillman, PhD, and Thomas Szasz, MD.
Moderated by W Michael Munion, MA
Carl Whitaker (1990) demonstrates consultation and therapy with a therapist who has brought a bilingual family with a mother who experiences anxiety attacks. The maternal grandmother, mother, father, and two children are engaged by Whitaker as he sits on the floor and experiments with different types of play and fantasy.
Joseph Wolpe (1990) interviews police officer Tom, who has problems resulting from a traumatic event: he had been confronted by a violent man whom he shot and killed. Later it became evident that the man had an empty gun and was mentally ill. Following a thorough interview, Wolpe uses eye movement and systematic desensitization to diminish the established fear hierarchy.
The criterion of reality adaptation as a measure of mental health or pathology is a totally fictitious one, since what reality "really" is remains an arbitrary definition which, in turn, leads to a reification. However, out of these reifications can grow very important practical consequences - both positive and negative ones.
We shall discuss one of the most frequent family processes leading to adolescent psychosis. As a direct consequence of the couple's hidden relational malaise, one of the two parents pseudo-privileges the child over the spouse and instrumentally brings him/her up as the opposite of the spouse in every way. The involuntary cheating about feelings ("imbroglio of affections") enhances the possibility of a psychotic breakdown.
This revision of the original ABCs of RET and cognitive-behavior therapy shows that people's Belief System (B) about their Activating Events (A) of their lives largely contribute to their emotional and behavioral Consequences (C) but that A, B, and C importantly influence and include each other and that all three include interacting cognitive, emotive, and behavioral elements.
Accepted thinking about non-polar, non-psychotic depression has been impaired by ignoring crucial research. This shows that some cases are masked endogenous depression; others are anxiety-based in several ways. Therefore, each case must be investigated to decide appropriate treatment and thus surpass the mediocre results typified in the "Collaborative Study."
Recognition of body-mind unity requires acceptance of the fact that the body in its form and motility expresses the individual's personality as much as behavior and thinking. If there is to be a change in personality, the body must reflect that change. To change bodily attitude, one should work directly with the energy dynamics of the body. By mobilizing a person's energy, one opens up deep feelings that are otherwise inaccessible. This is critical in the treatment of depression which is directly connected to an energetic collapse in the body. The address will describe how one increases an individual's energy to promote his pleasure in life.
Evidence that the hourly and daily variations in our consciousness are related to the wavelike flow of messenger molecules operating on all levels from mind to gene will be reviewed. Stress, psychosomatic problems, and their resolution are a function of how we manage this wave nature of our consciousness. How do we create a new psychotherapy for the future that utilizes these natural windows of the mindbody?
Topical Panel 07 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Sexuality
Featuring Albert Ellis, PhD; Helen Singer Kaplan, MD, PhD; Alexander Lowen, MD; and Judd Marmor, MD, PhD.
Moderated by Joseph Barber, PhD.
Topical Panel 08 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Resistance
Featuring James FT Bugental, PhD; William Glasser, MD; Donald Meichenbaum, PhD; and Erving Polster, PhD.
Moderated by Ruth McClendon, MSW.
Topical Panel 09 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Key Ethical Considerations
Featuring Jay Haley, MA; Rollo May, PhD; Thomas Szasz, MD; and Jeffrey K Zeig, PhD.
Moderated by Bill O'Hanlon, MS.
This workshop will demonstrate the clinical application of developmental, self, and object relations theory to psychotherapy with borderline and narcissistic patients - both shorter and longer term. After brief orienting remarks by Dr. Masterson, the participants will present their clinical material for discussion. This material can vary from single interactions to vignettes to longer presentations. Particular attention will be paid to the role of therapeutic neutrality and countertransference. This is a repeat offering of Wednesday's workshop.
This workshop will include an informal discussion of 50 years of experience with Dynamic Psychotherapy. Dr. Marmor will evaluate his theoretical and clinical perspectives and present his views on long- and short-term techniques. The role of systems thinking in clinical practice also will be discussed.
Workshop 21 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1990 - Research Frontiers in the Evolution of Psychotherapy
Featuring Ernest Rossi, PhD; with co-faculty Peter Brown, MD; and William Nugent, PhD.
An organizational meeting to discuss and plan how we can best pursue research frontiers in the evolution of Ericksonian psychotherapy. Topics to be discussed include mind-body healing, the nature of suggestion, psychoneuroimmunology, and mathematical and phenomenological models of hypnotherapy.
This workshop will address how to elicit and systematically change core beliefs (schemas) with Axis II patients. Topics include the constructive use of transference reactions as a therapeutic tool, and the management of hostility and excessive dependency. The use of imagery and role playing, and the applications of childhood material will be reviewed. A cognitive conceptualization of a case will be given. Ways to handle problems such as missed sessions, prolonging sessions, avoidance, and homework noncompliance will be addressed.
Cloe Madanes will discuss some of the varieties of abuse which can occur in a family, with an emphasis on incest and sexual abuse. A method for dealing with such situations will be presented and illustrated with a videotape.
To demonstrate how gestalt therapy principles may apply in a supervision session.
To explore how the characteristics of the supervisee may influence and enrich his/her therapeutic style.
$29.00Base Price - $59.00price reduced from Base Price - $59.00
Cloe Madanes will discuss love and violence in therapy and how to choose the therapeutic strategy best suited for a particular problem. She will present 25 strategies of therapy and illustrate with a videotape of her own work.
Social anxieties are the most common constituent of neuroses. Their different dynamics in a spectrum of cases will be described, and their role in agoraphobia and panic disorder will be presented. It will be seen how treatments, dictated by dynamics revealed in case analyses, are correspondingly successful.
This workshop will discuss and demonstrate how to involve the body in the therapeutic process. There will be a live presentation using volunteers from the audience. A video presentation also may be shown and discussed. Basic bioenergetic techniques will be demonstrated. The role of sexuality in emotional problems will be examined.
This workshop will demonstrate how the discoveries made in a psychotherapy session can be integrated into the everyday life of the patient through the changing balance between environmental support and self-support.
Strategies developed in cognitive therapy of depression are readily applied to couples' problems: Assessment includes ascertaining conflicting perspectives, thinking disorder, escalation of distortions, and cognitive interference with communication. Interventions include reducing hostility, reinforcing pleasure, increasing collaboration) and improving sexual satisfaction through cognitive interventions. Prerequisite reading: Love is Never Enough (Harper & Row).
The workshop will center on a role-played demonstration of family therapy using members of the audience. There will be an enactment of the telephone plea from the new patient to the therapist. Included will be structuring the blind date appointment between the two paranoids when the therapist is one of them. History taking and the war for the family "I" position will be demonstrated. Also discussed will be expanding the anxiety and establishing the generation gap.