The split in the modern personality is between the head and the body, between the rational mind and irrational gut feelings. It reflects the split in this culture between science and the natural forces in life and nature which science attempts to control. The modern individual lives largely in his head and is out of touch with his body because he had deadened it to suppress the fear, the pain and the despair which he experienced in childhood. He may complain of depression, a sense of inner emptiness and a loss of meaning. He has no joy, and life is a struggle for survival. Generally he does not realize this because his energies are devoted to "making it," to achieve success, power, money, fame, etc.
The author traces the evolution of psychodynamic theory over the past fifty years and demonstrates how various individuals and schools of thought have contributed to increasing conceptual clarity despite significant continuing differences. Along with these theoretical advances, there have been important changes in analytically-oriented therapeutic techniques. Nevertheless, underneath the wide variance in methodology and in their explanatory terminology, certain common denominators are discernible that explain why such diverse theoretical approaches are able to achieve comparable degrees of therapeutic success. These factors are demonstrable in non-analytic therapies also.
Panel 03 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1995 - Treatment of Depression and Anxiety
Featuring Alexander Lowen, M.D.; Judd Marmor, M.D.; Peggy Papp, A.C.S.W.; and Paul Watzlawick, Ph.D.
Moderated by Janette Edgette, PsyD.