In the early decades of the 20th century Freud's mastery of the craft of presenting a case enthroned a belief that anxiety disorders were caused by repressed emotional complexes and that recovery required the restitution of repressed ideas. This belief dominated psychotherapeutic practice, and even though little was to be seen in the way of success, any alternative was treated with scorn. Mid-century studies of experimental neuroses showed that these disturbances were the consequence of the learning of maladaptive anxiety and could be overcome by systematic counteraction by other emotions. These findings, transferred to humans, were gratifyingly successful, but the published findings were ignored or belittled.
My own physical disabilities as well as my performance anxiety during my childhood and adolescence impelled me to read many ancient and modern philosophers who had worked on the philosophy of human happiness and unhappiness. Thinking about their views and adapting them to my own life, I made myself distinctly less disturbed as well as less disturbable. After I tried several psychotherapy systems-especially psychoanalysis with my clients for the first dozen years of my practice, I found them all woefully inefficient and often iatrogenic. So, I went back to philosophy, welded some of its best elements with experiential and behavioral methods that I had also effectively used on myself, formulated Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), and have kep
Panel 15 from the Evolution of Psychotherapy 1995 - Resistance
Featuring James F.T. Bugental, Ph.D.; Albert Ellis, Ph.D.; Otto Kernberg, M.D.; and Erving Polster, Ph.D.
Moderated by Camillo Loriedo, MD
This workshop will present cognitive experiential and behavioral techniques to help women and men in their intimate relationships. There will be a special emphasis on personal and work-related male/female relationships and how to deal with negative reactions to "out of role" behavior, such as women's assertiveness and men's expressions of intimacy. Live demonstrations will be offered.